The whole area of Yakutia is located in the permafrost zone. You will hardly
notice this fact in summer, though -except that all the multi-storied buildings
are pile supported and the heating mains are laid above ground. The climate
of Yakutia is acutely continental so in June the weather in Yakutsk is as hot
as in turkey, the temperature reaching + 40 C, while in winter the temperature
falls dawn to -50 C. It is in Yakutia where the Pole of cold is- the coldest
place in northern hemisphere, where Sergey Obruchev, academician, registered
the lowest temperature on the hemisphere-71,2 C, in 1924. A unique Aurora Borealis
phenomenon (the Northern Lights) can be seen here. The night lasted all winter
within the Polar circle and the day is the whole summer long, so mushrooms sometimes
outgrow trees in tundra (because there are dwarf trees).
Taking a stroll along a river in Yakutia you may come across an impression
of a trilobite (a fossil mollusk) as well as a mammoth or woolly rhinoceros
bone. You can see prehistoric rock paintings and sites, watch a tugof -war competition
with a fish used instead of a rope or lassoing reindeers, witness offering prayers
to the spirits of nature. There are any mysterious and enigmatic places in Yakutia
unique in their energy: incomparable natural formations, such as Kysyl-yakh-rocks
or Lena Pillars, lakes like Labynkyr, the exact depth of which still not estimated,
sand formations, resembling deserts in miniature... Nearly everything here is
marked with folk tales and legend, some of them aged several hundred years,
while the others are only a few dozens years old.
Yakutia is one of the few places on Earth where one can feel acutely, that
out planet is a living thing.